ZERO Carbon Footprint

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Our efforts at reducing carbon emissions and improving energy efficiency across our operations, distribution and entire value chain, including investing in clean low-carbon technologies and renewable energy.

Stakeholder Groups Most Concerned:

NGOs, Industry Groups and Local Communities; Government Agencies and Regulators; Investors

Scientific studies have shown that climate change has been accelerated by global warming caused by fossil-fuelled human activities that emit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the last few decades. As a business, it is inevitable that in our operations, we too contribute to the emission of GHG. But at the same time, we do believe that we are empowered to minimise our carbon footprint and slow down global warming.

In fact, the Carlsberg Group aims to be the leading company in the industry in climate change mitigation. On top of adhering to the Carlsberg Group’s Environmental Policy and the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) protocols, through the Carlsberg Group, we have committed to the Paris Agreement by setting ambitious global targets that have been approved by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi).

As part of our TTZAB programme, we aim to achieve net zero carbon emissions across our entire value chain by 2040. In 2022, we achieved a 73% reduction in carbon emissions compared to 2015 and purchased an I-REC to cover 100% of electricity consumption at the brewery in 2022.

We have also introduced a goal to reduce our beer-in-hand emissions by 30% by 2030. This refers to reducing Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions (from brewing, packaging, distributing and chilling our products and handling used packaging) per hl of packaged beer. We also made investments in green technology, including the replacement of 18 LPG forklifts with fully electric forklifts with a carbon emissions reduction of 194,000 kg/year.

Where carbon emissions in our operations are mainly due to our usage of electricity and natural gas, we have continued to find solutions to mitigate the same. For example, we have adopted improvements in the efficiency of the cooling plant, which contributes to approximately 40% of total brewery electricity consumption. This helps to reduce the electricity consumption and results in the production of lower carbon emissions per barrel. We have also upgraded our equipment and optimised our processes to require less natural gas, which will correspondingly lead to a reduction in carbon emissions.

Through various activities and initiatives, we have begun to reduce carbon emissions over the years.

As seen from the chart below, in the year under review, our carbon emissions significantly decreased to 9.6 kgCO2/hl from 10.4 kgCO2/hl in the previous year. Encouraged by this, we are targeting to limit our carbon emissions from natural gas to 3.0 kg CO2/hl in 2023.


The Carlsberg Group conducted a study on beer-in-hand emissions and released market-specific findings for ZERO Carbon Footprint in 2020. The findings in 2019 against the baseline of 2015 showed that Malaysia’s beer-in-hand carbon footprint was higher compared to Carlsberg Group’s beer-in-hand emissions. However, compared to 2015, the reduction was 8.3%, an 1.3% improvement over Carlsberg Group’s average, albeit from a higher base. The beer-in-hand studies that we conduct are market-specific and are performed periodically. No beer-in-hand studies were conducted in Malaysia in 2022.


Our stewardship of the waste that results from our business’ operations, including our efforts towards the responsible disposal of waste, pollution, brewery effluent and spent grain and the effective treatment of wastewater.

Stakeholder Groups Most Concerned: NGOs, Industry Groups and Local Communities; Government Agencies and Regulators; Employees

The challenge to reduce waste is paramount worldwide, especially since poor waste management contributes to environmental problems such as global warming, water and air pollution and more.

To this end, we are committed to effective waste management, which is essential to the nature of our business and our social responsibility, and we have adopted a waste management strategy that focuses on maximizing recycling.

In our operations, we generate different types of waste, ranging from spent yeast to general waste such as cartons and aluminum. Still, we believe that waste can be a resource. As such, we take what we can – and recycle it, in hopes of increasing the life cycle of our resources from cradle-to-cradle instead of cradle-to-grave.

For example, spent yeast and spent kieselguhr all form biowaste, which we recycle through the bioconversion process through black soldier flies. Meanwhile, the spent grain is recycled as food for cattle. General waste such as plastic, aluminum, glass cullets, paper and cartons are directly recycled while other non-recyclable waste is converted to energy via waste-to-energy (WTE) applications.

As such, Carlsberg Malaysia, as part of its TTZAB program, has committed to ZERO Waste to Landfill since November 2022, implementing various initiatives to minimize all non-hazardous waste going to landfills. We managed to divert 66.8 tonnes of waste from disposal. We are proud to share that in 2022, 89% of waste generated by our facilities was recycled and 11% was disposed of to landfills.

In terms of wastewater discharge, Carlsberg Malaysia adheres to an approved limit of below 200 g/m3 for Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in its final discharge as set by the Department of Environment (DOE). This is in line with Standard B of DOE regulations, where we consistently maintain a COD level in our final discharge that is far below the legal requirement, as indicated in the graph above.

In line with our commitment, we introduced a new initiative in November 2022 to recycle 100% of our general waste. Going forward, we also aim to roll out strategies to reduce the usage of single-use plastics at the workplace, minimize the generation of waste in each operational process and adopt caustic recycling through best practices.