Carlsberg Malaysia Heritage

Dr. Emil Chr. Hansen

The Carlsberg Laboratory made its first major scientific breakthrough when Dr. Emil Chr. Hansen developed a method for propagating pure yeast.

Fluctuations in the beer quality were not unknown at the time, but had until then been solved by thorough cleaning of all installations after suspension of production. If a brew failed, there was no use in pasteurising it; it had to be destroyed.

In 1883, the Old Carlsberg beer got infected with the beer disease and all efforts were made to find a solution to the problem.

Dr. Emil Chr. Hansen who joined the Carlsberg Laboratory in 1878 was examining the beer, and he found that it contained wild yeast. Through his studies and analyses, he discovered that only a few types of yeast (the pure yeast) are suitable for brewing, and he developed a technique to separate the pure yeast from the wild yeast cells. The problem had been solved, and the new Carlsberg yeast – Saccharomyces Carlsbergensis – was applied in the brewing process.

The propagating method revolutionised the brewing industry. Rather than to patent the process, Carlsberg published it with a detailed explanation so that anyone could build propagation equipment and use the method. Samples of the yeast - Saccharomyces Carlsbergensis - were sent to breweries around the world by request and young brewers came to Carlsberg to learn the skills.

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具有远见的创办人 J.C. Jacobsen

Carlsberg Malaysia Heritage

The oldest Carlsberg building with the original bridge over the newly-laid railway line.

Carlsberg Malaysia Heritage

Øjvind Winge (1886-1964), often called the Father of Yeast Genetics, conducted his research while Director of the Physiology Department at the Carlsberg laboratory.

Winge developed and used techniques to investigate and manipulate single yeast cells and spores on a genetic level. For the first time, he was able to create genetic crosses that combined industrially important fermentation characteristics into one yeast strain.

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His work set the foundations for much of the genetic engineering and biotechnological research undertaken around the world today. Winge was also interested in barley and hops, and collected hop varieties from all over the Nordic countries. The results of his work have been used to create some of the special beers brewed by the Jacobsen micro-brewery.

Achievements
Awards and recognitions earned throughout the years.

Carlsberg Global Footprints
Reveal a series of Carlsberg Group's remarkable footprints.